Latex figure page

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Positioning of Figures

This also works in assisting a towel of things or a list of merchants that we can buy in our historic. To rail a figure that people, use the relationship environment.

There are several packages available for the task, but none of them works perfectly. Before you make the choice of including figures with text wrapping in your document, make sure you have considered all the options. For example, you could use a layout with two columns for your documents and have no text-wrapping at all. Anyway, we will look at the package wrapfig. Note that wrapfig may not come with the default installation of LaTeX; you might need to install additional packages. Noted also, wrapfig is incompatible with the enumerate and itemize environments To use wrapfig, you must first add this to the preamble: LaTeX will automatically calculate the value if this option is left blank but this can result in figures that look ugly with too much spacing.

The LaTeX calculation is manually overridden by entering the number of lines you would like the figure to span. This option can't be entered in pt, mm etc There are overall eight possible positioning targets: The width is, of course, the width of the figure. We did it in terms of the text width: The "wrap" is slightly bigger than the picture, so the compiler will not return any strange warning and you will have a small white frame between the image and the surrounding text.

Obviously, this short only looks decent when the best in question is not narrower than the taste width. Too many sexy floats.

You can change it to get a better result, but if you don't keep the image smaller than the "wrap", you will see the image over the text. The wrapfig package can also be used with user-defined floats with float package. See below in the section on custom floats. Tip for figures with too much white space[ edit ] You can use intextsep parameter to control additional space above and below the figure: In such a case, you can simply make use of the optional argument [lineheight]. It specifies the height of the figure in number of lines of text.

The argument is the size of the space you want to add, you can use any unit you want, including pt, fiure, in, etc. If you provide a negative pgae, it will add a negative space, thus removing some white space. In general, it is best not to add any space at all: Alternatively you might use the picins package instead of the wrapfig package which produces a correct version without the excess white space out of the box without fiyure hand tuning. There is also an alternative to wrapfig: To remove the white space from a figure once for all, one should refer to the program pdfcrop, included in most TeX installations.

Subfloats[ edit ] Latex figure page useful extension is figre subcaption [6] package, which uses subfloats within a single float. The subfig package subfigure package is deprecated [5] is a useful alternative when used in-conjunction with LaTeX templates i. These packages give the author the ability to have subfigures within figures, or subtables within table floats. Subfloats have their own caption, and an optional global caption. An example will best illustrate the usage of the subcaption package: You may also use a table environment for subtables. For each subfloat, you need to use: In this case you can use continued figures using the caption package.

Put this in your preamble: Those "starred" versions work like the standard ones, but they will be as wide as the page, so you will get no overlapping. A bad point of those environments is that they can be placed only at the top of the page or on their own page. If you try to specify their position using modifiers like b or h, they will be ignored. However, h still does not work. To prevent the figures from being placed out-of-order with respect to their "non-starred" counterparts, the package fixltx2e [6] should be used e. Custom floats[ edit ] If tables and figures are not adequate for your needs, then you always have the option to create your own! Examples of such instances could be source code examples, or maps.

For a program float example, one might therefore wish to create a float named program.

Page Latex figure

The package float is your friend for this task. All commands Latex figure page set up the new float must be placed in the preamble, and not within the document. LaTeX writes the captions to this file. The default name that appears at the start of the caption is the type. Then the float contents, followed by a final horizontal rule. Float styles can also be customized as the second example below illustrates. An example document using a new program float type: Although not introduced so far, its name is fairly intuitive!

LaTeX will reproduce everything you give it, including new lines, spaces, etc. It is good for source code, but if you want to introduce a lot of code you might consider using the listings package, that was made just for it. While this is useful, one should be careful when embedding the float within another float. In particular, the error not in outer par mode may occur. One solution might be to use the [H] option not any other on the inner float, as this option "pins" the inner float to the outer one. It offers some protection against the sampling bias. For example, to make all caption labels small and bold: However these definitions have limited effect on newly created float environments with the wrapfig package.

Finally, note that the caption2 package has long been deprecated. It defines a convenient interface to put TeX over included graphics, and allows for drawing a white background under the typeset material to overshadow the graphics. It is a better alternative for labels inside of graphics; you do not have to change text size when rescaling pictures, and all LaTeX power is available for labels. A very similar package, with somewhat different syntax, is pinlabel [10]. The link given also points to the packages psfrag and overpic. A much more complicated package which can be used in the same way is TikZ.

TikZ is a front-end to a drawing library called pgf which is used to make beamer for instance. It can be used to label figures by adding text nodes on top of an image node. Summary[ edit ] That concludes all the fundamentals of floats. Therefore, for tables you wish to float, wrap the tabular environment within a table environment, like this: Captions It is always good practise to add a caption to any figure or table. Fortunately, this is very simple in LaTeX. Because of how LaTeX deals sensibly with logical structure, it will automatically keep track of the numbering of figures, so you do not need to include this within the caption text. The location of the caption is traditionally underneath the float.

pqge However, it is up to you to therefore insert the caption command after the actual contents of the float but still within the environment. If you place it before, then the caption will appear above the float. Try out the following example to demonstrate this effect See caption. Their purpose Lztex LaTeX is to act as a marker, which can then be referenced to at oage point within your document. It is very common to refer to each of your figures within the body of text. However, you don't want to be keeping track of Latex figure page numbers, so you can use a label instead, and let LaTeX replace it with the correct figure number.

To add a label, you must embed the following command: To then reference a label: Alternatively, to get a page reference: When declared outside, it will give the section number. It represents a non-breaking space. Wrapping figures Although not normally the case in academic writing, an author may prefer that some floats do not break the flow of text, but instead allow text to wrap around it. Obviously, this effect only looks decent when the figure in question is significantly narrower than the text width. The package wrapfig was developed for this very task. Alignment can be either l for left, or r for right.

The width is obviously the width of the figure. This means that it may require some care in ensuring that your inserted figure doesn't run over page breaks. Subfigures A useful extension is the subfigure package. Unfortunately, only version 2. Anyway, this gives the author the ability to have figures within figures. Subfigures have their own caption, and an optional global caption is also allowed. An obvious application would be to illustrate the before and after effects of a given operation.

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