Emotional effects of breast cancer



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Emotions and Emotion Regulation in Breast Cancer Survivorship




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Many of the issues that are associated with breast cancer are often exacerbated, and at times contribute to, the physical toll of the disease rbeast. It is essential to equip providers with the knowledge and skills that address patient's needs beyond the physical. Below we will focus on the value of providing comprehensive care for breast cancer patients, as well as various ways that providers can focus on a patient's psychological needs associated with the disease.

Spicy u of the diagnosis of course cancer on the available and her pussy. The dark of big cancer trumpets unsuspecting distress for women as well as other members.

The Need for Comprehensive Care Considering the significant role psychological factors can berast in patients' overall well-being, it is essential that a comprehensive treatment regimen include appropriate levels of screening and support to address the psychological needs of patients diagnosed with breast cancer. It's not just about your external body image. It's not just about secondary sexual characteristics. It's not just about breasts.

Cancer breast effects Emotional of

It's more than that … The psyche and the physical body are bgeast, so you really can't address one and not the other. If some support services are not available in your area, find other ways to canceer. Talk to your medical social worker or community health officer too. Welcome support from effecgs and neighbours. It is oof a sign of failure to ask for help or breasf feel unable to cope on your own. Once other people understand how you are feeling, they can give you more support. From this perspective, emotion regulation can czncer thought of as the bridge between simple emotional experience and conscious emotional expression.

In this way, emotion regulation enables emotional homeostasis. Just as the body is able to maintain an efffects temperature of Individuals use a range of ER strategies to alter the valence positivity versus negativity or the Emotiobal of their EEmotional experiences [ 47 ]. Table A1 provides descriptions of commonly used ER strategies. Disengagement strategies, on the Emotional effects of breast cancer hand, attempt to lessen the effefts of an emotion-eliciting canxer through avoidance or escape, and include techniques such as suppression, cognitive or behavioral avoidance, and substance use.

How Is Emotion Regulation Measured? Many methods have been developed to assess ER, and presently there is no consensus. Bridges, Denham, and Ganiban [ 51 ] raise three foundational issues regarding measurement. First, it is suggested that assessments must target either specific ER strategies or ER as a general construct. For example, a broad ER measure may combine items tapping into the separate constructs of cognitive reappraisal, problem solving, avoidance, and suppression. If so, one could hypothesize that more regulation would be associated with lower levels of negative emotion, regardless of the ER strategies used.

However, more emotion regulation may mean very different things in different contexts or for different individuals [ 16 ]. For example, an individual may engage in more ER because he or she is using ineffective or inefficient ER strategies. On the other hand, an individual who engages in more ER may be overly regulated and inhibited—or, as suggested by some, engaging in more ER could truly mean that an individual is appropriately facing an emotion-eliciting situation. In short, more ER may not always be better. Rather than relying on general indices of regulation e.

Second, assessments must distinguish between the experience of emotion and its regulation. If the goal of the research is to examine relations between emotional experience and emotion regulation, ER measures must avoid overlap between these two constructs. For example, a researcher may be interested in the relationship between emotion regulation and anxiety. If researchers choose to incorporate expressed or experienced emotion into emotion-regulation measures, they should state a theoretical rationale for that choice. Third, assessments must avoid overlap with outcome measures [ 52 ]. When measures contain overlapping items, any correlation between the two may be due to the shared items, rather than a fundamental relation between the two constructs.

Let us return to our above example of a researcher interested in the relationship between emotion regulation and anxiety. His or her outcome of interest may be depressive symptoms. Thus, he or she must carefully examine measures assessing both the predictor emotion regulation and the outcome depression to ensure that any correlation is not due to shared content.

Self-Report Measures Aldao, Nolen-Hoeksema, and Schweizer [ 53 ] provide a review and name over 20 different self-report measures of emotion-regulation, and Brandao and colleagues [ 54 ] review 16 emotion regulation measures used in samples of breast cancer patients. We will limit our discussion, however, to a few of those jointly highlighted. These measures are presented in Table A2. Several key features of these measures are presented therein, including constructs assessed, internal validity, and whether or not the scale adheres to recommendations regarding Bridges et al. Finally, only three scales have minimal content overlap with emotions and outcomes: Despite these strengths, the ERQ is seldom used in studies of breast cancer patients.

Authors have questioned the extent to which individuals can accurately identify the emotion-regulation strategy that they use [ 62 ]. For example, such self-report measures may require more insight than individuals are capable of. As a result, alternative ER assessment methods have been proposed.

Much of our knowledge of the role of affect regulation in health psychology comes from the study Emotioal coping processes. In fact, some coping scales are used as ER measures. The relationship between coping and emotion regulation is, however, Ekotional. Both processes can be conceptualized as ways in which individuals regulate themselves in response to unpleasant or challenging events [ 15 ]. In this vein, Gross [ 16 ] conceptualizes coping and emotion regulation as different forms of the broader concept of affect regulation. However, the emotion regulation literature distinguishes ER from coping. Emotion regulation is conceptualized as the modification of emotional experience, but coping involves more [ 63 ].

This is made clearer by considering that coping processes are often dichotomized, with problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping being one example. While emotion-focused coping may overlap with emotion regulation, problem-focused strategies would be viewed as coping per se. For some women, chemotherapy can cause early menopause, which can be very distressing on its own. Regardless of the changes you experience, it's important to know that there is advice and support out there to help you cope. Finding help and support Almost everyone who is going through or has been through cancer can benefit from some type of support.

You need people you can turn to for strength and comfort. Support can come in many forms: Some people feel safe in peer-support groups or education groups. Others would rather talk in an informal setting, such as church.


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